Furnace "housekeeper"

At the heart of the furnace is already known structure of the Russian stove. However, the "housekeeper" has the advantage that it involves the lower heating device by which all indoor heated layers of air. In contrast to classical Russian stove housekeeper can drown any fuels, not just wood.
We now turn to the device furnace (Fig. 67).



Устройство печи «Экономка»

Устройство печи «Экономка»




Fig. 67. Device furnace "housekeeper."


The oven has two of the fire: one used for heating and baking bread, and the other (small) is for cooking in the summer, when space heating is not needed.
Small firebox connected to the main, to the hot gases pass through it into the chimney.
The furnace is equipped with a cast iron frying stove with two burners (it is set to perch) and is equipped with hot-water box.

Materials:
- Ordinary brick - 750 pc.
- Clay - 0.5 m;
- Sand - 0.5 m;
- Grill grate 120 x 140 mm - 1 piece.
- Grill grate 180 x 250 mm - 2 pc.
- Furnace door is 280 x 270 mm - 1 piece.
- Furnace door is 250 x 210 mm - 1 piece.
- The ash-pit door 140 x 270 mm - 1 piece.
- The ash-pit door 130 x 140 mm - 1 piece.
- The clean door 130 x 140 mm - 4 pc.
- Cast iron stove with two burners - 1 piece.
- Bolts vyushechnye 130 x 250 mm - 2 pc.
- Flap 400 x 420 mm - 1 piece.
- A box of water-heating - 1 piece.
- Steel strips 40 x 10 x 850 mm;
- Steel strips 40 x 10 x 500 mm;
- Steel Angle 25 x 25 x 3 mm;
- Round steel 16 mm-350 mm;
- Wire ties section 6 mm-10 m
The sequence of laying (the version without hot-water box (Fig. 68)):


Последовательность кладки печи «Экономка»


Последовательность кладки печи «Экономка»


Последовательность кладки печи «Экономка»

Последовательность кладки печи «Экономка»


Fig. 68. The sequence of masonry ovens "housekeeper."


1st row - masonry walls of the oven whole bricks with compulsory ligation sutures. Middle can put the halves.
2nd row - ash tab below the main fuel chamber. Front ash brick abate.
Bookmark the clean holes and posts for partitions.
N-th row - setting the blower door of the fire main. Masonry columns.
4th row - laying the blower under the second fuel chamber and installation of doors. Masonry floor cleaning.

5th row - on poles laid brick wall thickness of half a brick in the wall and is secured to the castle. Overlapping door blower main firebox. The narrowing of the blower.
b-th row - Set grates in the primary and secondary firebox. Above the grate additional firebox front and rear bricks abate over the cone.
7th row - installation doors main fuel chamber.
8th row - installing additional fuel chamber door. Expansion of the basic masonry firebox toward partition.
9th row - narrowing of the main channel of masonry firebox. Expansion of the partition.
10th row - the first row of the hearth. Near the rear wall along the length of the cooking chamber leave space width of 7-10 cm
11th row - the second row of the hearth. Both the firebox door overlap. Fixing steel corners laying on the front.
12th row - the channel is blocked on the firebox cast iron stove.
13th and 14th rows - masonry shall be in accordance with the drawing.
15th row - between the side walls, connections of flat steel and reinforced washers and nuts. If a man is not arched, it is covered by steel strips 4 x 1 x 85 cm The back and side walls of the cooking chamber spread a thick brick with a sloping bottom of the cone.
1b-th row - overlap brow, continued relationships in width. The walls of the cooking chamber are laid out in a full-thickness brick.
17th row - communicating over the side wall is the same as in the 15th row. From the front and side set ground for peretrubya of flat steel. In brick scarf for steel strips. In the corner is set supporting metal stand.
18th row - the first course of masonry cooking chamber, which has the shape of the arch. The Code is based on the bricks 1b-row with a slope inside, under which enclose pieces of brick with clay mortar. Overlaps hearth, based peretrubya placed steel bars. In front of a set of four holes left 7 x 12 cm
19th row - the last of masonry arch.
20th row - masonry wall ovens set up in two rows. Over four holes left in the 18th row, modular channel formed. Peretrubya opening narrows. On the right side wall of the lock fastened.
21 th row - the first row of the duct having a section of 7 x 25 cm modular channel shaped balalaika.
22th row - abate tapered front brick precast channel. Reduces the size of precast channel duct size increases to 12 x 19 cm
23rd row - air duct to square.
24th row - the gate valve on the vent.
25th row - changing the shape smoke channel.
2b-th row - continued reshaping the smoke channel. It measures reach a brick.
27th row - the gate valve on the flue duct.
28th row - two vertical channels are combined in a single horizontal L-shaped air outlet duct of the chimney above the flue damper.
29th row - the ventilation channel steel straps.
30th row - laying is carried out in accordance with the drawing.
31-th and 32-th series - laying overlapping.
33rd and 34th rows - masonry chimney in one brick.
Option with hot-water box:
1st row - laid out in the same manner as in the first version.
2nd row - bookmark cleaning and ash under the main fuel chamber.
Third row - set the main fuel ash-pit door camera.
Left an opening for additional ash firebox.
4th row - set ash-pit door second fuel chamber.
5th row - the main blower door overlap the firebox opening above podduvalom narrowed. On the right side of the furnace is installed water-heating box. The left of the left channel of a 7 x 21 cm on the wall bars placed.
6th row - over both podduvalami install grates. Overlaps additional fuel chamber door.
7th row - set firebox door main firebox.
8th row - is laying at the top of the hot-water box. Between the brick and the top of the box is left podvertka Across height 7 cm above the box is placed on bricks steel strip.
9th row - overlapping water-heating box.
In the future, the clutch are exactly the same as in the version for water-heating furnace without the box.
Share with your friends a link to this page, or add to