Types of masonry and their purpose

Before the beginning of Masonry must determine the type of masonry. The following types of masonry, which are used in the construction of houses: brick, masonry ceramic stones laying of artificial large blocks that are made of concrete, brick or ceramic stones, natural stone masonry of the correct form (sawn or hewn) rubble masonry from natural unhewn stones with irregular shape, mixed masonry (rubble, lined with brick, with concrete stones, lined with brick, and brick, faced with hewn stone) rubble concrete masonry, lightweight masonry of brick and other materials.
Masonry - a construct that consists of stones arranged in a certain order on the mortar. It bears the burden of its own weight and the weight resting on her other component, and performs heat insulation, sound insulation and other functions. To perform the masonry used lime, mixed cement-lime and cement mortars and cement-clay solutions in which the clay is a plasticizer.
Masonry ceramic bricks of plastic molding has excellent water-and frost-resistant, high strength, so that it is used in the construction of walls and columns of buildings, retaining walls, chimneys, structures of various underground structures. Laying of ceramic hollow or porous brick is mainly used in the construction of walls. Due to its low thermal conductivity of these can reduce the thickness of the masonry exterior walls by 20-25% in comparison with the thickness of the walls, built of solid bricks.
Laying of concrete stones, made on a heavy concrete used in the construction of foundations, basement walls and other underground structures.
Masonry and light concrete hollow stones used in the construction of exterior and interior walls of the building. This material has good insulating performance, but hollow and light concrete stones water capacity, thus not sufficiently frost. Given this quality, facades exterior walls, lined with the stones, plastered.
Masonry from silicate rocks and bricks are more durable and lasting than hollow masonry and light concrete stones. However, it is more heat conduction. Of silicate rocks and bricks built in both the internal and external walls.
Nizkomarochnye light concrete and hollow concrete stones used exclusively for the construction of structures located within the building, with the normal heat and humidity regime.
Masonry made of this material has a higher thermal conductivity, density, but stronger and more durable than the laying of light concrete stones. Therefore, it is widely used for construction, not only the interior walls, and exterior.
Clutch of large concrete, silicate brick or block, as well as of piece goods, used for the construction of underground and surface structures of buildings, blocks of lightweight concrete, silica, hollow and porous brick - mostly masonry exterior walls.
Laying of natural stone and block the correct form has good decorative qualities, durability, resistance to freezing and weathering, abrasion little affected. Soft porous rocks in the form of sawn piece of stones weighing up to 45 kg (porous tuff, shell, etc.) are used for interior and exterior masonry walls. Of porous rocks (limestone, tuff) are made as large building blocks, designed for installation (installation) mechanisms. Stones hardwood are expensive and time-consuming to process, so they are mainly used in non-residential construction - for facing caps or parts of buildings, facing bridge piers, quays. Rubble and rubble concrete masonry costly manual labor and have a high thermal conductivity. This material is best used for building foundations.
Lined with brick, rubble and rubble concrete masonry suitable for basement and retaining walls.
Masonry of silicate bricks and dry pressing ceramic hollow brick is not used in the construction, located in the damp soil, moist and wet rooms, for the construction of pipes and furnaces.
Laying of ceramic hollow stone is mainly used in the construction of the exterior walls of heated buildings. Good thermal properties of this material can reduce the thickness of the external walls in central Russia for over a half-brick masonry of the ordinary ceramic or silicate brick.
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