Glossary

A
Agloporit - artificial porous filler in the form of crushed stone or gravel.
Anchor - part for fastening parts of buildings, which are laid in the masonry (foundations, walls, arches). The term is also used in the sense of "intermediate piece" (Tie rod, anchor plate).

Aperture (construction) - cross coupling between two parallel brick walls (brick or mortar, reinforced with steel).
Asbestos - white fibrous mineral used as a refractory material.
Asphalt - a mixture of bitumen with minerals (sandstone, limestone, etc.). Used as roofing, hydraulic and insulating material and for making adhesives, cements, paints, etc.
Architrave - Overhead strap on a window or doorway.


B
Bitumen - natural or artificially derived complex organic substance used in the manufacture of roofing material, insulation materials, etc.
Bituminous mastic - material for waterproofing, the roofing.
Booth, rubble stone - large (150-500 mm) pieces of irregular shape, derived from limestone, dolomite, sandstone and granite. Variety buta - boulder (boulders to Z00 mm). Used to fill the space between the walls of brick, as a filler in concrete works, bedding or construction of the foundation during construction. Can be used for putting the walls or for decoration.


g

Grouting - priglazhivanie and seal masonry joints while allowing them to form fillet (produced when the walls are not plastered).
gypsum - a building material, rapidly hardening cement, obtained by roasting dihydrate gypsum subjected to grinding or after roasting.

Grater - scraper for leveling.

D
Drill - hand car with electric, pneumatic or manual drive for drilling holes.
Dowel - four-sided shaft, sharp end is rammed into a stone wall, from the blunt end of a threaded hole where the screw is screwed with the roller-mount drill.

F
Zheleznenie - surface protection of concrete structures against moisture by applying a fresh solution and smoothing 2-W-millimeter layer of dry cement or cement paste.
Fittings - metal (steel) rods, wire, or mesh cages that are run in the concrete casting to increase its strength.


NW
zabirka - thin walls between the posts basement, serving for insulation of underground space and protect it from dust, moisture, snow, etc.

And
Lime - the general term for food burning and processing of limestone (sedimentary rock), chalk and other carbonate rocks used in construction for making plaster and mortar, silicate concrete. Distinguish lump quicklime (kipelku) or milled product and its interaction with water - slaked lime (hydrated lime or dough).
Lime water - saturated solution of slaked lime in the lime water.
Lime milk - mixing slaked lime in the lime water.
Insulator - a roller or other device of insulating material for fixing wiring.
Insulation - a material that does not conduct electricity or heat, which insulate electrical wires and other conductors of energy.

To
Cornice - a horizontal ledge on the wall, which supports the roof of the building and protect the walls from falling water.
Trowel - hand tools for the building as a small blade, is used in the construction.
Kosour - of the ladder that serves to mount the steps.
Circling - wooden elements for fastening formwork in computation furnace roof.

A
Lags - wooden beams, which are used in the construction of floors.
Stretcher bond series - a series of masonry, in which brick is laid along the wall.
Blade - hand tools for application and leveling solution on the surface and on the building materials.

M
Marsh - slant of the ladder, with a variety of degrees and connects the upper and lower platforms.
Trowel - spatula with which solution is applied plaster.
Mastic -1) thick adhesive mass, used in construction, and 2) the composition of polishes floors.
Mauerlat - beam or beams are laid around the perimeter of exterior brick, concrete and similar wall for fixing rafters.
Lighthouses - separately laid on the floor or wall tiles are used for accurate putting some series.
Metal angle - measuring tool for checking angles. Preferably, the length of the sides, forming a right angle, was at least 90-100 cm, you can make yourself. Gon can be made from wood, but wood swells with moisture, and when drying plates gon be deformed. Therefore the need to keep the wooden square in a dry place, and the measurement is made on a dry surface.
Hammer - a tool for breaking off tile, hammering nails and steel pins. Should not be heavier than 0.5-0.6 kg. Otherwise, you can not calculate the force of impact, and then the waste tiles spike.
Clutch - a device for connecting pipes, shafts, steel ropes.

H

Handrail - the top of rail, which supports the people when descending or climbing stairs.
Level - optical and mechanical instrument with the phone and the level of visual sensitivity.

About
Formwork - the form in which the fresh concrete in the construction of the foundation. Sometimes the moving or sliding, folding, portable, three-block. Made of wood.
Plummet - weight suspended on a thin strong thread. With the help of this device determines the vertical direction, which is called the plumb line.
Blind area - a device for removing water from the basement to be performed with a gradient from home.

P

Pinned - a small hole in the tile glaze finish.
Pumice - volcanic rock that is formed by swelling and rapid solidification acidic lava light (not sink in water), porous. Is used as the abrasive material, the additive to cement, concrete aggregate.
Pilaster - semi-colony with four faces, one face of which is set into the wall.
Podtovarnikah - small-diameter roundwood diameter of 8-13 cm, is considered a second-rate material.
Portal - U-shaped part of the design.


R
Rigel - horizontally (sometimes obliquely) located element (rod, bar) in building construction, building frameworks. Underpins runs and slabs installed in the ceilings of buildings or coatings.
Rubber spatula - a tool for sealing joints (seams). It must be resilient, but flexible, free of burrs on the work surface. Spatula can be either with a handle or without.

Rubble concrete - material used for installation of foundations, consisting of a filler (stone, coarse gravel, crushed stone, brick combat and so on). After laying his watering solution and tight ram.

Rags - to clean the surfaces, tiled. Any suitable, for example cotton, cloth.

Roll forward - the lower part suspended ceiling, forming a ceiling.

Rule - the rule to verify the installation of plaster, masonry, plaster device for leveling the surface.

Retaining wall - structure of natural stone, concrete, reinforced concrete or wood, is kept from collapsing located behind a mass of soil.
Risers - the vertical part of the stairs (it determines the step height).
Riser - the vertical part of the step. Used to further strengthen the horizontal part of the step as well as to improve the appearance of the stairs.

With
Sliding Formwork - formwork, to move up the ranks as laying bricks at the device stove or fireplace.
Tie - a thin layer of mortar, poured on top of the walls, floors and other surfaces to enhance their penetration and prevent moisture. Is also used for surfacing. The thickness of the tie depends on the application and conditions.

T

Tread - the horizontal part of the stage, attached to the stringers.

Tread - the horizontal part of the stairs (it determines the width of the stage).

Two-meter rack - to determine the roughness of the surface to be facing. To monitor the quality of wall tiles.
Warm concrete - building material made of clay soils and organic additives (such as myself).
Bowstring - part ladder sluschaschaya mounting levels by plunging them into the lateral plane.
Only - waterproofing and roofing material, which is produced by impregnating roofing paper coal or shale Degteva product.
Rammer - a device for compacting soil or a layer of crushed stone, gravel, etc., in the form of heavy plates or massive timber (cut down a tree, cutting logs), equipped with handles for two hands. Lower - working - the surface is smooth. Ramming can be wooden and metal. Rammer also called bedding layer of soil, gravel, slag, or sand, laid the foundation construction and compacted.
Bonder series - a series of masonry, in which brick is laid across the wall.

F
Texture - the quality of the material and its surface.
Rebate - a rectangular selection on the edge of the board or panel. Seam with equal sides is called a quarter.
Lining (lining) - protective lining of furnace burners, etc. There are flame-resistant, chemical resistant and heat-insulating lining.

C
Cement - a powdered mineral matter with which hardens quickly prepared binder solution.
Cementitious waterproofing - Waterproofing of cement-sand mortar.
Cement paste - a solution of cement with water.
Tsementogrunt - material used for foundations and walls. Consists of cement, soil and water. (When used carefully compacted. After erection of the foundations and walls of tsementogrunta for 15-20 days watered 3-5 times a day).
CYCLE - hand tools (steel plate) for cleaning the surface.
Cap - top funddamenta, vozvyschayuschayasya above ground.

H
Cranial bars - bars for laying overrun nailed to the beams of intermediate floor.
Quarter - see rebate.

W
Shvabrovka - careful wiping with a wet cloth and the inner surface of the furnace channels when clutch.
Spike - a ledge on the wooden part that goes into the other slot blank when connecting to each other.
Cords - are used to secure the vertical and horizontal proveski. As the cords useful fishing line on a big fish: it is durable, not subject to deformation (can not be withdrawn from moisture and does not shrink when dry), easy to clean from pollution solution.
Filling (Shpatlevanie) - the application of one or more layers of plaster with intermediate drying and grinding of each.
Tongue - longitudinal projection or a corresponding groove on the edge of the product. Cleat used in joinery.
Bead - a thin batten triangular section, which by means of screws or nails fixed glass in rebate.

U
Probe - a tool to determine the composition and quality of the soil. A steel pin in the shape of a cone, made of flat steel thickness 2-2.5 cm and 2.5-3 m

E
efficient brick - hollow brick.

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