Terms and concepts found in this section

Antiseptic - a substance that is designed to protect the wood from the destructive action of moisture, as well as biological destruction. In life most often used water-soluble antiseptics. The most effective antiseptics are silicon sodium fluoride, sodium fluoride, magnesium fluorosilicate, ammonium and zinc. Somewhat less effective are the iron and copper sulfate, sodium chloride, zinc chloride, chloride of lime.

Grandmother - a support or device, are used to support the structure.

Beam - a structural component, which is produced in the form of logs of wood, concrete or steel, works primarily in bending.

Firewall - fire wall, devoid of windows.

Spreader mandrel - wooden or iron bar, mounted on a workbench and serves to stall rail.

Hip - thrust ramp gambrel roof, which has a triangular shape.

Rolling - device with two rollers which rotate in opposite directions, so that capture and process details are placed between them.

Crown - 4 timber (logs), connected to each other and forming a horizontal row of the framework.

Drainage system - a device of several elements (gutters, hoppers, release, discharge pipe, riser, etc.), ensuring water drainage from the roof. Can be organized (internal and external) and unorganized (external).

Tap funnel - a device in the form of a cone with a pipe for receiving water and feed it into the drain pipe.

Catchment tray - element attic roof, designed for the collection and removal of atmospheric water.

Waterspout - a pipe that serves to drain the water.
Collar - sheeting protruding roof elements consisting of aprons. Otter - groove ledge formed overlap masonry or acting behind. Waterproofing layer - a layer that protects the building or any other structure from the damaging effects of both water and other liquids.

Float - a metal rod with polished ends.

Gustotertaya paint - pasty oil paint, cooked on drying oil. For the manufacture of paint applied gustotertoy natural, combination, or pentaphthalic glyptal linseed oil. This paint is designed for both exterior and interior work for. Diluted before use alkyd or natural drying oil to a viscosity.

Valley - a place of intersection of the roof, on which water flows.
Trough - a special device with a recess, which serves as a sink for atmospheric water. Rivet - a cylindrical metal rod having a mortgage head, which is closing in rasklepke head.

Rivets are used to bond metal surfaces.

Rivet flies - rivet, made flush with the surface of the component.

Tightening - wooden beams, steel or reinforced concrete core, which is placed horizontally in the level of support.

Protective layer - an element of the roof to protect the waterproofing layer from damage, weather and solar radiation. As this layer is usually used any varnish.

Countersinking - expansion hole diameter with simultaneous performance of these holes in the shape of a cone.

Zigmashina - a special device with replaceable rollers rolling, contoured profile for all pairs of rollers is used to perform various operations, such as rolling a side at a right angle, rolling double a side, otgibki circular rim for roll wire, rolling roll stiffness, standing seam sealing compounds.

Drip - an element of steel parapets firewall and cover the walls in the form of the folded edge down.

Cornice - horizontal ledge at the top of the wall above the door or window, which is a support for the roof of the building and protection from atmospheric water.

Eaves - horizontally beyond the edge of the roof of the building.

Painting - billet steel sheet consisting of 2 or 3 sheets that are connected folds. Mallet - a wooden hammer, which has a flat hammer.
Capping - a strip of steel, which is used to connect and bond any elements. Butt - extended end Snopik.
Skate - the upper horizontal roof edge, forming a watershed.

Crutch - bent at a right angle or a thick nail head (prop), also bent at a right angle.

Gun - a portable device for applying dyes to the surface by spraying with compressed air.

Roof - top element coated to protect this structure from the weather.

Storm sewer - A device for the reception of sewage.

Mauerlat - beams (beams) installed around the perimeter of the exterior concrete, brick, wood and wall mounting shlakoblochnyh rafters.

Attic - economic or housing, which is in the attic and has a sloped ceiling.

Nagel - a special metal or wooden rod multifaceted (usually hexagonal), used to splice elements of wooden structures.

Flashings - a device that serves to overlap the seams between the boards.

Supporting structure - takes up the bulk of the load and gives the building strength, stability, rigidity.

Tying - horizontal element frame walls. Maybe the top and bottom. Bottom rail is the basis of the framework.

Sides - side of the bucket or the can.
Purlin - element sheathing, which is made of wooden bars, rods or bars. Crate - boards or boards that are attached to the rafters, and are the basis for roofing.

Headroom - the top of the flue or vent pipe.

The base of the roof - the surface on which the roof covering is laid. The base of the roof is usually done in the form of a continuous sheathing or decking.

Mark - a device attached to the bottom of the drain pipe and serves to divert water from the walls of the house.

Parapet - a solid wall of a low level, set on the edge of the terrace, roof, balcony, along the bridge, embankment, etc.

Brace - a wooden lattice element contained between the upper and lower zones of the structure.
Podstropilny timber - timber into which the lower end podstropilnoy cut one leg. Coverage - superstructure construction, performing the following functions: enclosing bearing, hydro and thermal insulation.

Roof Coatings - the material from which to roof. Can be a member and skating.

Solder - Tin-lead alloys that can be easily melted. Span - the gap between the opposing points of support.
Valley - the section of the roof covering, the resulting compound perpendicular spaced roof slopes.

The edge of the roof - horizontal and oblique connection of the roof slopes.

Risk - road marking line, carried on the workpiece surface with a pencil or other object with a pointed end.

Rigel - beam or rod, putting both horizontal and oblique and serves as a support for slabs and beams that are placed in the coatings or ceilings to frame houses.

Twist - a piece of thick wire, one end of which is attached to the rafters, and the other - to the crutch, incorporated into the seam masonry distance of 300-350 mm from the upper edge of the wall or the attic floor to the beam.

Stand - a wooden block or backup needed to support structures.

Rafters - elements of the roof, which supports for the roof. The upper ends of the rafters are spliced ​​together at an angle, and lower based on the exterior walls of the building. They are made of logs.

Rafter - an element of the roof, the lower end rests against the wall, and the top is joined at an angle from the opposite rafter foot.

Insulation layer - a layer that prevents heat exchange with the environment. Made of different materials, such as glass wool, sawdust, felt, etc.

Bias - an indicator of the slope of the roof.
Seam - sample at the edge of a rectangular board, board or sheet metal. Fold - a way of fastening parts, various elements and sheet materials using sutures obtained otgibkoy (selection) and joint compression Staple edges. Apron - a steel plate, forming a protective coating projecting roof elements.
Chamfer - a cut that runs typically a plane at an angle of 45 ° to the front surface and the edge.

Farm - construction of joined together strips or rods. Gabled overhang - the slope beyond the edge of the roof of the building.
Clamp - clamp-shaped ring and for connecting or fastening the structure. Made of metal.

Attic - space under the roof, limited on all sides by walls and fascia attic floor.

Step - the distance between any of the specific points.

Cord prichalka - cord, pulled along the eaves and is used to check a number of Coffer roof.

Gable - the top edge of the end face wall structure having an acute-angled shape and is located between two pitched roof, but, in contrast to the pediment, it does not separate the eaves.
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